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The recent missile attack by Iran on Pakistan has raised concerns about the security situation in the region. However, to understand the context of this incident, it is essential to view it as part of a broader understanding of the regional environment. The Middle East map, as we know it today, was drawn by imperial powers, Britain and France, and included countries such as Afghanistan and Iran but excluded Pakistan. However, Pakistan’s strategic location on the mouth of one of the bays of the Indian Ocean and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, a crucial chokepoint for oil transportation, make it a significant player in the changing dynamics of modern Middle Eastern politics.
The recent closure of three universities in Islamabad due to security concerns highlights the pervasive impact of security challenges on various facets of life in the region, including academic activities and institutional operations. The surge in violence-related fatalities and injuries in 2023, marking a six-year high, underscores the need for a comprehensive perspective on the security situation in the region.
The changing dynamics of the Middle East map and the shifting priorities of the US in the region have further contributed to the tense environment. The US approach to the Middle Eastern order has changed, focusing on de-escalation and normalization in the region. The resurrection of the Palestinian issue has brought the ‘axis of resistance’ back to life, comprising the Assad regime, Hamas, and Hezbollah, all supported by Iran.
The recent missile attack by Iran on Pakistan and Pakistan’s response to it is a reminder that Pakistan is not on the sidelines but right in the middle of the future of Middle Eastern politics. The incident highlights the need for rational state thinking in the international system and the importance of knowing one’s limitations. Iran’s assumption that Pakistan would blink and sit tight and rub with some diplomatic options was proven wrong, and Pakistan responded with a proportionate response.In conclusion, the recent missile attack by Iran on Pakistan and the subsequent closure of universities in Islamabad underscore the need for a comprehensive perspective on the security situation in the region. The changing dynamics of the Middle East map, the shifting priorities of the US in the region, and the resurgence of the ‘axis of resistance’ all contribute to the tense environment. Rational state thinking and a focus on de-escalation and normalization are essential to ensure stability and peace in the region.